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Constantinople was chosen in particular for it’s natural defenses being that east and west were separated by the straits of the Dardanelles, separating east and west. Rome itself was already the most populous and developed city in the empire.
The Byzantine Empire (the Eastern Roman Empire) was distinct from the Western Roman Empire in several ways; most importantly, the Byzantines were Christians and spoke Greek instead of Latin.
The main difference between the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire was that the former was a democratic society and the latter was run by only one man. Also, the Roman Republic was in an almost constant state of war, whereas the Roman Empire’s first 200 years were relatively peaceful.
Economic problems, government corruption, crime and private armies, and the rise of Julius Caesar as emperor all led to its eventual fall in 27 BCE. Rome’s continued expansion resulted in money and revenue for the Republic.
Utilizing the rule of law and a strong military, the Roman Empire ruled most of the western civilized world. While the general goal of the Empire as put forth by Augustus became keeping the status quo instead of adding new territory, there were still some changes and continuing growth.
One of the immediate reasons the Romans revolted against kings, who had been in power for what is traditionally counted as 244 years (until 509), was the rape of a leading citizen’s wife by the king’s son.
The Pax Romana could be considered the high point of the Roman Empire.
The Romans were a well organised literary society, and left records of all kinds, from the amount of grain imported, to those standing for the Roman Senate. Historians such as Livy also left details of the Empire. Letters are the most interesting way of getting to know the Romans.
Rome was able to gain its empire in large part by extending some form of citizenship to many of the people it conquered. Military expansion drove economic development, bringing enslaved people and loot back to Rome, which in turn transformed the city of Rome and Roman culture.
Roman Empire (27 BC – 476 AD) The Roman Empire was founded when Augustus Caesar proclaimed himself the first emperor of Rome in 31BC and came to an end with the fall of Constantinople in 1453CE.
Tacitus, in full Publius Cornelius Tacitus, or Gaius Cornelius Tacitus, (born ad 56—died c. 120), Roman orator and public official, probably the greatest historian and one of the greatest prose stylists who wrote in the Latin language.