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Whether they establish a production’s overall tone or elucidate particular actions of characters, stage directions help tell the complete story that is in the playwright’s mind. Stage directions accomplish all of this, using a simple convention that structurally separates them from the actual story.
Reading the stage directions is as important as reading the dialogue between and among the characters in a play. These stage directions give a reader important information about the movements, facial expressions, tone of voice, and thereby the emotions of characters.
Stage directions are important as they give directions for the actors to use on stage. They give clues on whem people should enter and exit and in turn give some understanding as to the motivations and actions of the character. This leaves the play open to the interpretation of the director and actors more.
Type stage directions in italics. Speaker names within stage directions should be typed in SMALL CAPS (not italic). Type speaker names in FULL CAPITAL letters, flush to the left margin (not centered). After the speaker name, type one tab and then begin the dialogue on the same line.
: a description (as of a character or setting) or direction (as to indicate stage business) provided in the text of a play.
“R” and “L” are “stage right” and “stage left”. The following is really important to understand: Stage right is the actor’s right as the actor stands on the stage facing the audience. Stage left is the actor’s left as the actor stands on the stage facing the audience.
stage right (SR) (noun) the right side of the stage from the actor’s viewpoint facing the audience. (adverb or adjective) toward or at the right side of the stage from the actor’s viewpoint facing the audience. upstage (US) (noun) the part of the stage farthest from the audience.